Tree ring dating and archaeology
Use of the material for scholarly and academic purposes with due acknowledgment is welcome. The name Lanka, used in the Epic chronicles, was adopted in to Prakrit with the addition of a leading vowel which could be "a, e, (h)e, or i".
Thus the form Lanka → Helanka හෙලංකා appears in Sinhala Prakrit (language of the common people) as the abbreviated form Hela, හෙල.
This is further clarified by noting that eighteen countries are mentioned in early Tamil literature, clearly distinguishing "cinkalam" from "Tamlaak(h)am", viz., cimkaḷam, conaakam, cā vakam, cīṉam, tuḷuvam, kutakam, konkanam, kanna-tam, kollam, telin(g)kam, kalin(g)kam, vaṅkam, kaṅ- kam, makatam, kaṭāram, kavuṭam, koklam, tamilakam; சிங்களம், சோனகம், சாவகம், சீனம், துளுவம், குடகம், கொங் ;கணம், கன்னடம், கொல்லம், தெலிங்கம், கலிங்கம், ;வ ங்கம், கங்கம், மகதம், கடாரம், கவுடம், கோசலம், தமிழகம்.
The early Pali writings of Sri Lanka also mention similar names for kingdoms located in the subcontinent.
'Siripada', (or 'Adams peak'), known also as 'Vishnupada' in the Mahabharata was also renamed "Adam's peak" by Rennel.
"Setu" means bridge in Sanskrit and other source languages.
The pre-Buddhist people of Lanka may have been even Kirats-Yakkas, or other unknown groups. This centralized list and maps would make it convenient for Sinhala writers, artists, scientists, engineers, politicians - anyone- to use the Sinhala names when ever this is appropriate, in an entirely voluntary manner, thus helping to maintain and revive the cultural heritage of the country. Brahmi and Sinhala scripts, click below Early Brahmi: 3rd cen BCE to 1st cent CE/ Later Brahmi: 2nd cent BCE to 4th cent CE/ Transitional Brahmi: 5th cent to 7th cent/ Medieval Sinhala: 8th cent to 13th cent/ Modern Sinhala: 14th cent and after The existence of place names in both languages attests to the easy co-existence and close cultural affinity of these two communities which lived in peace.
It should be noted that race or ethnicity , as understood today was of little consequence in ancient times, when it was the caste that was most important. Velu Pillai in Yalpana Vaibhava Kaumudi devotes a whole chapter to Sinhala place names in Jaffna.On the other hand, the sinhala word "Attana" refers to a plant species (Latin Dathura Alba, or Datura metal, Tamil "Umaththai").Its occurrence in Sinhala place names is well established.The place names in the whole country were mostly Sinhala names. 'Achchan' means "brother", (also father etc.) in Malayalam, and may be the source of the sinhala slang word "machang".South Indian invasions led to a gradual modification of the original place names which acquired a Tamil garb, as stated by many scholars like Paul E. However, there is no contextually useful meaning in it for a place-name.
Search for tree ring dating and archaeology:
Nevertheless, the Palk straits shielded the Island sufficiently to create unique biological species, a unique "Sinhala language" (see James W.